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Clear Your Teen’s Acne

As a teen you are probably dealing with acne. More than 85% of teenagers have this common skin problem. Acne includes clogged pores (whiteheads, blackheads), painful pimples, and sometimes hard, deep lumps on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, back, shoulders, and upper arms.

If one or both of your parents had acne, chances are good that you will too. But there are many ways to prevent (and treat) acne.

What Causes Acne?

The pores in your skin contain oil glands. When you hit puberty, there’s an increase in sex hormones called androgens. The excess hormones cause your oil glands to become overactive, enlarge, and produce more oil, or sebum. When there’s too much sebum, the pores or hair follicles become blocked with skin cells. The increase in oil also results in an overgrowth of bacteria which causes acne.

If the pore clogs, closes, and then bulges, you have a whitehead. A blackhead occurs when the pore clogs, stays open, and the top has a blackish appearance due to oxidation or exposure to air. This has nothing to do with skin being “dirty”.

Hormonal changes related to birth control pills, menstrual periods, and pregnancy can trigger acne. Other external acne triggers include heavy face creams and cosmetics, hair dyes, and greasy hair ointment — all of which can increase blockage of pores.

The treatment usually depends on how serious the problem is. You may be able to treat at home on your own or you may need help from your doctor.

At Home Care:

Cleanse twice a day

  • In the morning to clean off the oil and dust mites that have been pushed into your skin from your pillow case
  • In the evening to rid your skin of all the environmental pollution.

Exfoliate 1-2 times a week

It is important to see an Esthetician before choosing your exfoliation. There are two types: mechanical or chemical. Depending on the type of acne one may be better than the other.

Mask 1 time per week

Use Clay based products to draw out oils and impurities.

Moisturize

Use a water based moisturizer to hydrate the skin but not add oil.

Tips for Clear Skin

  • Do not try to extract your own pimples, you may be causing the infection to spread or cause scarring.
  • Wash your pillowcase every other day. Sleep on your pillow, flip your pillow, wash it.
  • Keep hair off your forehead.
  • When resting, don’t rest your hand on your chin area. For teens this is a problem area. Resting your hands will introduce dirt and bacteria to your skin.
  • Book a facial to get a deep clean with extractions so you can maintain on your own.

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